Tomato is an edible berry of the Solanum Lycopersicum plant. The tomato is consumed in various ways, raw or cooked, in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. It is a plant that belongs to the nightshade family and is mainly grown for its edible fruit.


The most significant production of tomato in the world is in China. It produces 56.3 million tonnes annually. European Union comes second with 24.2 million tonnes.

Tomatoes are a good source of vitamin C and the phytochemical lycopene.  Tomatoes are now the fourth most popular vegetable just behind potatoes, lettuce, and onions.

Commonly Known as

Language Name Written as
Hindi tamaatar टमाटर
Arabic tamatim طماطم
Bengali Ṭamēṭō টমেটো
Gujarati Ṭamēṭā ટમેટા
Kannada Ṭomeṭo ಟೊಮೆಟೊ
Malayalam takkāḷi തക്കാളി
Punjabi Ṭamāṭara ਟਮਾਟਰ
Tamil Takkāḷi தக்காளி
Telugu Ṭamōṭā టమోటా
Urdu tamaatar ٹماٹر

Nutritional Value

Nutrients in 100 gms tomato

  • Vitamin A: 17%
  • Fiber: 5%
  • Vitamin C: 21%
  • Potassium: 7%
  • Vitamin K: 10%
  • Magnesium: 3%

Source: USDA

Benefits

Cardiovascular Health

Tomato has antioxidant properties that can prevent free radicals from damaging your heart health. Some studies observe lower inflammation and oxidant stress after consuming tomato or products containing tomato.

Source: PubmedCentral

Prevents Cancer

Cancer grows in your body when the growth of cells is abnormal and uncontrolled. Studies have linked tomatoes or tomato products with a lower risk of prostate, lung, and stomach cancers.

Source: PubmedCentral

Good for Skin

Tomatoes or food with tomatoes are high in lycopene, and other plant compounds may protect against sunburn. Thus it is perfect for the health of the skin.

Source: PubmedCentral

Frequently Asked Questions

Are tomatoes a vegetable or fruit?

Botanically, tomatoes are fruits. But nutritionists consider it as both a vegetable and fruit.

Why should we not consume tomatoes?

Tomatoes contain many acidic contents. It can make you feel heartburn or acid flex.

Why should we not eat cucumber and tomato?

Both these vegetables have acidic contents in significant amounts. They can create acid reflux in your stomach. Hence, they are not compatible with eating together.

Should the seeds be removed before eating?

The seeds are not necessarily harmful. And honestly, they are a hassle to remove, so it’s better to keep them

Recipes