Fennel belongs to the carrot family. It is an aromatic herb that originates from the Mediterranean region. Its botanical name is Foeniculum vulgare.
Fennel is used in culinary and many times in alcoholic drinks. Apart from that, the plant, as well as the seeds, is used for medicinal purposes. They possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
Commonly known as
Fennel seeds are commonly called Saumph in Hindi.
|Arabic||budhur alfianal||بذور الفينل|
|Bengali||Mauri bīja||মৌরি বীজ|
|Gujarati||Variyāḷī bīja||વરિયાળી બીજ|
|Hindi||saumph ke beej||सौंफ के बीज|
|Kannada||Sōmpu kāḷugaḷu||ಸೋಂಪು ಕಾಳುಗಳು|
|Malyalam||peruṁ jīrakaṁ||പെരും ജീരകം|
|Punjabi||Phainila bīja||ਫੈਨਿਲ ਬੀਜ|
|Tamil||Peruñcīrakam vitaikaḷ||பெருஞ்சீரகம் விதைகள்|
|Telugu||Sōpu gin̄jalu||సోపు గింజలు|
|Urdu||saunph ke beej||سونف کے بیج|
Nutritional Profile of Fennel Seeds
Nutritional profile per 100 gms
- Calories: 31
- Protein: 1.2g
- Carbohydrate: 7g
- Fiber: 3.1g
- Fat: 200mg
- Sodium: 52mg
- Potassium: 414mg
Source: USDA & Google
Benefits of Fennel Seeds.
Helps with Anaemia
Fennel seeds are a rich source of an organic molecule of an amino acid called histidine, as well as, iron. Hemoglobin’s main component is iron. Histidine regulates hemoglobin and other constituents of blood.
Are a great Laxative
A laxative is a substance that helps with bowel movement and intestinal health. It cures constipation, stomachache, and other intestinal diseases.
Helps with digestion
The components present in fennel seeds help to release digestive juices in our bodies. This reduces the bloating of the belly and excessive gas in the stomach.
Good Potassium Source
Potassium regulates the balance of water in our system as well as the acid-base balance too. Potassium also helps with the functioning of the brain. Fennel seeds possess potassium in good quantity and thus will help with these functions.
Acts as an Antacid
Fennel seeds are a naturally cool ingredient. Therefore, they can be great to help with neutralizing acidity and heartburn. They can be some sort of heat repellent for the body.
Regulates Cholesterol Level
Fennel seeds contain a good amount of fibers. The fibers keep cholesterol levels low in our bodies. It is important to have cholesterol levels under control and fennel is a great option for that.
Fennel is safe when consumed moderately, yet sometimes it can have side effects.
Fennel has estrogenic properties. This means it can act similarly to estrogen hormone. It can disturb fetal growth and development. This can be problematic for pregnant women. They must be careful consuming it or avoid it altogether.
And it also may interfere with certain medications like estrogen pills or medication for cancer.
Frequently Asked Questions
How can you eat fennel seeds?
You can have them ground as spice mixture or crushed in cooking or drinks. Or you can eat that whole and raw if you want.
Is fennel seeds safe?
Consuming fennel seeds can be safe as long as it is in the recommended proportion. However, it can have side effects for pregnant women.
Is fennel seeds good?
Fennel seeds are rich in iron and potassium and both are important for our body. It also contains a good amount of fiber that decreases the risk of heart.
Where is fennel seed from?
It is originated from Southern Europe. But now it is also cultivated in Australia and North America too.
What family fennels are?
Fennel is from the Umbelliferae family and therefore are closely related to parsley, carrots, and dil.