Wheat flour is made from the grains of wheat. The powder form from grounding wheat is one of the most used flour for daily consumption in India. The varieties define the gluten it contains and also the grain colors and size.
The wheat flour usage is wide enough like roti, khakhra, bread, noodles, cookies, and cakes. Moreover, it can also be used for coating foods like chicken or cutlets as well. However, the preferred choice is Maida.
There are three parts of the wheat grain:
- The endosperm – Protein-rich part
- Germ – Protein/vitamin-rich part
- Bran – Fiber-rich part
There are multiple flours made from wheat like:
- All-purpose flour
- Bread flour
- Cake flour
- Pastry flour
- Self-rising flour
- Whole wheat flour
Commonly Known As
|Hindi||Gehun ka atta||गेहूं का आटा|
|Gujarati||Gha’unnō lōṭa||ઘઉંનો લોટ|
|Marathi||Gavhācē pīṭha||गव्हाचे पीठ|
|Malayalam||Gēātamp peāṭi||ഗോതമ്പ് പൊടി|
|Tamil||Kōtumai māvu||கோதுமை மாவு|
|Arabic||Daqiq alqamh||دقيق القمح|
|French||Farine de blé||Farine de blé|
Nutritional Profile of Wheat Flour
Nutritional profile per 100 gms
- Calories: 364
- Protein: 10g
- Carbohydrate: 76g
- Fiber: 2.7g
- Fat: 1g
- Sodium: 2mg
- Potassium: 107mg
Source: USDA & Google
Prevent colon cancer
Colon cancer is a digestive system cancer. Wheat flour helps reduces the risk of colon cancer. It promotes gut health and is rich in fiber and therefore, helps prevent cancer.
High in nutrition
Wheat flour is rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, protein, antioxidants like phytic acid, ferulic acid, and sulfur compounds.
Lower heart disease risk
Wheat flour lowers the risk of heart disease when one uses refined flour. Therefore, the daily consumption of it is heart-healthy.
Lower the risk of obesity
Wheat flour is fiber-rich and, therefore, useful to include in the diet. It also helps in reducing belly fat and the risk of obesity.
Lower the risk of type 2 diabetes
There are two primary nutrients present in wheat flour: fiber and magnesium, which increase the metabolism of the body carbs and insulin sensitivity. Therefore, daily consumption helps reduce the risk of diabetes.
Good for digestion
The fiber present in wheat flour helps digest food faster. It helps your gut bacteria kill and improves digestive health.
Inflammation is the main root of other chronic diseases. The study suggests that wheat grain helps reduces inflammation.
People who are allergic to wheat are advised by doctors to avoid it in regular consumption as it may lead to certain diseases like itching, hives, rashes, or eczema.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is white flour and wheat flour the same?
No, they are not the same. Wheat flour is extracted from grinding the wheat grains, whereas white flour is made from the endosperm.
Is wheat flour refined?
Yes, wheat flour often available in the market is refined. Read the package, and it will mention whether the flour is refined or not and the refining process for the same.
Is oatmeal wheat?
No, oatmeal is not made from wheat. It is made from barley.
Which wheat flour brands are best?
We analyzed the protein, carbs, and fiber content of the top wheat flour brands available in India to conclude the best wheat atta. You can check it out in this article here. Our choice of brand is TWF Atta and Pillsbury Chakki Fresh Atta.