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Green Peas are small spherical seeds or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. The pods contain peas that can be green or yellow in color. Peas come in varieties like garden peas, sugar peas, and field peas.

Garden peas are so-called dwarf varieties that grow to an average height of about 1m.  Sugar peas or edible-pod peas lack the tough membrane inside the pod wall and have tender edible pods. The major producing countries of field peas are Russia and China, followed by Canada, Europe, Australia, and the United States. Europe, Australia, Canada, and the United States raise over 4.5 million acres and are major exporters of peas.

Commonly Known as

Language Name Written as
Arabic bazila بازيلاء
Bengali Ḍāla ডাল
Gujarati Vaṭāṇā વટાણા
Hindi matar मटर
Kannada Baṭāṇi ಬಟಾಣಿ
Malayalam pīs പീസ്
Marathi Vāṭāṇē वाटाणे
Punjabi Maṭara ਮਟਰ
Tamil Paṭṭāṇi பட்டாணி
Telugu Baṭānīlu బటానీలు
Urdu matar مٹر

Nutritional Profile of Green Peas

Nutritional profile per 100 gms

  • Calories: 81
  • Protein: 5g
  • Carbohydrate: 14g
  • Fiber: 5g
  • Fat: 400mg
  • Sodium: 5mg
  • Potassium: 244mg

Source: USDA & Google


Highly Nutritious

Green peas are packed with loads of nutrition. It is rich in minerals and vitamins. It is a rich source of vitamin C that is extremely important for our immune system.

Source: PubmedCentral

Great Source Of Protein

It is rich in protein. It is heavily good for those who don’t eat animal food and are vegan. They can fulfill their needs for protein with the consumption of protein.

Source: PubmedCentral

Blood Sugar Control

Green peas are rich in fiber and protein, which can be beneficial for controlling blood sugar. Fibers slow down the absorption rate of carbs and reduce the rise in blood sugar levels.

Source: PubmedCentral

May Protect From Chronic Diseases

They reduce bad cholesterol and ensure it because of the fibers in them. Hence, it reduces risk of heart diseases. Peas contain antioxidant properties that protect against cancer. And it can help control the sugar levels in our blood, hence protecting us from diabetes.

Source: PubmedCentral

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you eat raw green peas?

Usually, it is not eaten raw. However, one can eat raw too but then eating too many raw peas can cause pain in the stomach. Ideally, it is either cooked with some dish or boiled for raw eating.

Can we eat frozen peas raw?

No. Any vegetable that is frozen is harmful to eat when it is uncooked.

What nutrients peas have?

Peas have higher levels of protein, are a good source of dietary fiber, Vitamin A, iron, folate, thiamin, Vitamin C, and manganese.