Brinjal, also known by the names eggplant or aubergine, is a plant species of the nightshade family Solanaceae. Commonly it is purple in color and used in various cuisines.


Eggplant or aubergine is a delicate plant that is cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. The flowers are white to purple in color, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens.

There are less common white varieties of eggplant are also known as Easter white eggplants, garden eggs, Casper, or white eggplant.

Commonly known as

Language Name Written as
Hindi Baingan बैंगन
Arabic albadhinjan الباذنجان
Bengali Bēguna বেগুন
Gujarati Rīṅgaṇā રીંગણા
Kannada Badane kāyi ಬದನೆ ಕಾಯಿ
Malayam vaḻutana വഴുതന
Marathi Vāṅgaṁ वांगं
Punjabi Baiṅgaṇa dā paudā ਬੈਂਗਣ ਦਾ ਪੌਦਾ
Tamil Kattirikkāy
கத்திரிக்காய்
Telugu Vaṅga mokka వంగ మొక్క
Urdu Bengan بینگن

Nutritional Value

  • Protein: 2%
  • Dietary Fiber: 14%
  • Vitamin C: 4%
  • Magnesium: 3%
  • Potassium: 7%
  • Vitamin B6: 4%
  • Manganese: 13%
  • Vitamin K: 4%

Source: nutritiondata.self.com

Benefits

Eggplant or aubergines are not only known for their unique taste, but also for the potential health benefits it has. Here are some of the benefits that eggplants offer.

Anti-Oxidant

Anti-oxidants are substances that protect your body from a harmful substance called free radicals. And they are helpful in preventing many chronic diseases. Eggplants are rich in anthocyanins that have antioxidant properties.

Source: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Reduce the Risk of Heart Diseases

Anti-Oxidants also prevents the risk of heart diseases from occurring. Due to the presence of anti-oxidant properties, eggplant can help in reducing the risk of heart diseases.

Source: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Can Help with Blood Sugar Control

Eggplants have a high amount of digestive fibers that can lower the blood sugars, by slowing the digestion and absorption rate of sugar in our system. Hence, having eggplant in your diet will help with sugar controlling.

Source: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

May Help in Weight Loss

Eggplants have a high amount of digestive fibers and are low in calories. Thus, they are a good addition to your diet when on a weight loss regime.

Source: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Might Help Fighting Cancer

Solasodine rhamnosyl glycosides (SRGs) is found in nightshade plants, inclusive of eggplants. Despite limited research, SRGs have shown a significant effect on fighting cancer. So eggplant may help you in fighting cancer.

Source: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Frequently Asked Questions

When one should avoid brinjal?

Brinjal is harmless in general and can be consumed whenever. But it is advisable to avoid brinjal during pregnancy. Moreover, people with a high allergic affinity should avoid it as well.

Can we eat brinjal at night?

Yes. Eggplants or brinjals are versatile and have numerous nutrients in it. So it is alright to have brinjal at any time. However, if you have any specific problem or allergy eating brinjal at night, it is better to avoid it.

What are the vitamins in brinjal?

Vitamin C, vitamin K, and vitamin B6 are present in brinjal. Moreover, brinjal also has thiamine, niacin, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, copper, fiber, folic acid, potassium in it.

Does brinjal have any side effects?

Brinjal may cause hives, itchy or tingly lips, tongue, or throat, coughing, stomach pain or cramping, vomiting, and diarrhea.

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