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Banana is a delicious tropical fruit. According to the United Nations, Global banana exports are about 18 million tons in 2015 and is one of the most popular fruits.


Bananas are healthy and one of the most fillings, among other fruits. Also, they are readily available in bulk and affordable. Moreover, bananas are the fourth most valuable food product worldwide. Even though this fruit is mainly recognized for the potassium content, the overall nutritious factors are not overlooked.

Bananas belong to the Musaceae family of flowering tropical plants, and its scientific name is Musa. Bananas are differentiated into the following types. One type is a cavendish banana that is also known as dessert banana. It tastes sweet when it ripens. Another type is plantain or green bananas. It is a less sweet, starchier, and more massive, often used for cooking.

Another type is red banana, which is shorter and plumper than the Cavendish variety with a dark reddish-purple hue. And lastly, we have the ladyfinger type that is Thinner and slightly shorter than the Cavendish bananas. They are sweeter and eaten raw or as dessert.

Commonly Known as

Language Name Written as
Arabic muz موز
Bengali Kalā কলা
Gujarati Kēḷā કેળા
Hindi kela केला
Kannada Bāḷehaṇṇu ಬಾಳೆಹಣ್ಣು
Malayalam vāḻappaḻaṁ വാഴപ്പഴം
Marathi Kēḷī केळी
Punjabi Kēlā ਕੇਲਾ
Tamil Vāḻai வாழை
Telugu Araṭi అరటి
Urdu kela کیلا

Nutritional Profile of Banana

Nutritional profile per 100 gms

  • Calories: 89
  • Protein: 1.1g
  • Carbohydrate: 23g
  • Fiber: 2.6g
  • Fat: 300mg
  • Sodium: 1mg
  • Potassium: 358mg

Source: USDA & Google

Benefits

More Energy

Bananas are a great source to gain energy for the body. It increases the energy and strength of the body when consumed. No matter how much banana a person consumes, the probability of gaining weight and becoming obese is comparatively low.

Fights Cancer

The compound called cytokine is contained in bananas, increasing the blood count of the white blood cells. This boosts your immunity and fights harmful cancer cells from taking over your immune system.

Stress Reducer

An amino acid that banana has called tryptophan. The body converts it into serotonin right after consumption. It results in the reduction of stress and improves mood and increases happiness levels.

Good For Creating Haemoglobin

The fiber content present in bananas makes the food move much faster to the digestive tract, thus preventing acid reflux.

Side Effects

If you are suffering from migraines regularly, then it is better to avoid bananas. It is because bananas contain a substance called Tyramine, which can trigger migraine headaches. Since bananas have a high amount of potassium, an excess amount of it may lead to Hyperkalemia. This condition can lead to a heart attack.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the side effects of bananas?

There are no notable side effects of bananas. Though it might include bloating, gas, cramping, softer stools, nausea, and vomiting.

Are bananas good for you?

Bananas are a rich source of potassium that is great for the health of the heart. Also, bananas are low in sodium. The low sodium and high potassium combination helps to control high blood pressure.

Is eating a banana daily harmful?

If you eat bananas too much daily, then there may be a risk of excessively high vitamin and mineral levels.

Recipes With Banana / केला as Ingredient